“Retired Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler revealed that wealthy businessmen were plotting to create a fascist veterans’ organization with Butler as its leader and use it in a coup d'état to overthrow President Franklin D. Roosevelt.”
“In 1934, Butler testified before the United States House of Representatives...“McCormack–Dickstein Committee”...on these revelations.”
“No one was prosecuted.”
At the time of the incidents, news media dismissed the plot, with a New York Times editorial characterizing it as a “gigantic hoax”.
“...most [Ed.: historians] agree that some sort of plot was discussed..”
“Butler was now genuinely alarmed. For the first time it dawned on him that if the American Liberty League was, indeed, the “superorganization” behind the plot that it seemed to be, the country’s freedom was in genuine peril. Such money and power as the men behind the League possessed could easily mobilize a thinly disguised Fascist army from the ranks of the jobless, embittered veterans, and do what Mussolini had done in Italy with the financial support of the Italian plutocracy.”